中国知识产权保护工作呈现新进展、新变化、新气象

发布时间:2021-12-26 来源:媒体滚动 原文链接:点击获取

原标题:中国知识产权保护工作呈现新进展、新变化、新气象 来源:中国知识产权报

New changes have been made on IP protection over the past year, with the infrastructure redesigned at the very top, more concrete rules to follow for law enforcement, whole-chain of protection improved, systematic reform deepened, international cooperation and competition advanced and national security issues in the IP filed addressed, according to the fourth-quarter press conference of the China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) on December 8, which paints a panoramic picture of CNIPA's efforts in transforming China from a major IPR importer into a major IPR creator, from pursuing IPR quantity to improving quality(hereinafter referred as the Two Transformations).

Comprehensively strengthening IP protection

"CNIPA has been beefing up IP protection since the end of 2020, which vigorously speeds up the materialization of the Two Transformations," said Hu Wenhui, Deputy Commissioner of CNIPA's Patent Office and Director General of CNIPA's General Affairs Office.

Specific measures have been taken this year to heighten IP protection in an all-round and multi-tiered way, providing strong support for the rapid progress of the Two Transformations. The Outline for Building a Country Strong on IPR (2021-2035) and the 14th Five-Year National Plan for IP Protection and Application were completed and issued. The newly revised patent law was implemented and the framework and contents of the geographical indication law were drafted to further construct a comprehensive protection work system. Six aspects including 16 measures were made to deepen the reform in streamlining administration, delegating power, improving regulation, and upgrading services. Special campaigns were carried out to crack down on irregular patent applications and malicious trademark registrations. Decisive progress was made in advancing China's accession to the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs. The China-EU GI agreement was effectively implemented. The independent research and protection of core technologies related to national security were enhanced.

Notable results were achieved in multiple areas. For example, with  harsh actions on irregular patent applications and malicious squatting of trademarks as an example, CNIPA, since 2021, has notified local authorities of 4 groups of 815,000 patent applications assessed as irregular, and revoked 93.1% of all applications of the first three groups; sanctioned 376,000 malicious trademark registration applications. In order to severely crack down on irregular applications from unlicensed patent agencies, CNIPA also issued the Notice on Facilitating "Blue Sky" Special Rectification Actions to direct local authorities to punish nearly 200 unlicensed agencies across the country, having imposed combined fines exceeding 10 million yuan.

Starting a new journey of high-quality development

As of date, China is experiencing the Two Transformations. New breakthroughs in IP field have made remarkable contributions to the country's high-quality development, according to the press conference.

"China's export and import volume of IP royalties approached 280 billion yuan in the first three quarters, with the export growth rate spiking at over 27%. In addition, China's ranking rose to No.12 in WIPO's (World Intellectual Property Organization) the Global Innovation Index Report 2021 issued, hitting a new high. Besides, from January to October, the national patent and trademark pledge financing amounted to 240.77 billion yuan with a year-on-year increase of 50.6%, surpassing the total amount of last year, " said Lei Xiaoyun, Director General of CNIPA's IP Utilization and Promotion Department. "The above data clearly defines the progress in advancing the Two Transformations in the outgoing year. "IP protection has been continuously strengthened, deepened and refined centering on the theme of high-quality development. Zhang Zhicheng, Director General of CNIPA's IP Protection Department, introduced that CNIPA has taken actions in four aspects to enhance the high-quality development of IP administration at the national level. Among them, CNIPA accelerated the building of the index, policy, statistical and assessment systems for  high-quality development by constructing a patent quality improvement project, a trademark branding strategy and GI protection demonstration zones as well as a national GIs application promotion project. Also, the "high-value invention patents owned by per 10,000 heads" aim was listed as one projected target of the Plan.

In addition, both the CNIPA and the local administrations all chip in to build an IP public service system that can facilitate access  to resources and benefit the people, help all branches of the industrial economy operate stably and sustain the high-quality economic and social development. According to Wang Peizhang, Director General of CNIPA's IP Public Service Department, the national IP public service system has taken an initial shape under the full coverage of IP information public service centers in provinces (regions, municipalities) and vice-provincial cities, and cities separately designated. The coverage of prefecture-level comprehensive public service centers increased to 33%. Also, in cooperation with the WIPO, CNIPA has deployed 101 Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISCs), having established presence in all provinces. The first group of registered national public service stations amounted to 88 and crucial service stations nationwide reached 269.

"CNIPA will treat quality as the main theme and must-do task of the IP development in the new era based on the active coordination, simultaneous multi-level efforts and coordinated advancement of the entire chain to forge a new path for high-quality development and create a new situation of building a country strong in IPRs," said Zhang. (by Li Yangfang)

一年来,知识产权保护工作顶层设计全面加强,知识产权保护工作法治化水平不断提高,知识产权全链条保护切实强化,知识产权保护工作体制机制改革有效深化,知识产权国际合作和竞争稳步推进,有力维护知识产权领域国家安全……12月8日,中国国家知识产权局第四季度例行新闻发布会发布的一项项成果、一组组数据,生动展示并深刻印证着中国推动“两个转变”快速实现的有力作为,全面介绍了知识产权保护工作取得的新进展、发生的新变化、呈现的新气象。

 全面加强知识产权保护

“一年来,全局全系统全面加强知识产权保护工作,有力推动知识产权‘两个转变’快速实现。”中国国家知识产权局专利局副局长兼局办公室主任胡文辉在会上介绍。

今年,《知识产权强国建设纲要(2021—2035年)》(下称《纲要》)和《“十四五”国家知识产权保护和运用规划》(下称《规划》)顺利编制完成并先后印发,新修改的专利法实施工作扎实开展,地理标志立法框架和主要内容拟定,大保护工作格局进一步构建,知识产权领域“放管服”改革提出6个方面16项改革举措,开展打击非正常专利申请和商标恶意抢注行为专项整治,加入《工业品外观设计国际注册海牙协定》取得决定性进展,中欧地理标志保护与合作协定有力落实,事关国家安全的关键核心技术的自主研发和保护持续加强……一系列具体工作举措全方位、多层次地提升了知识产权保护水平,为快速实现“两个转变”提供了有力支撑。

真抓实干,成效明显。以严厉打击非正常专利申请和商标恶意抢注行为为例,今年以来,中国国家知识产权局已累计向地方通报4批次81.5万件非正常专利申请,前3批撤回率达93.1%;累计打击恶意商标注册申请37.6万件。印发《关于深入开展“蓝天”专项整治行动的通知》,严厉打击无资质专利代理机构从事非正常申请行为,推进各地处罚近200家无资质代理机构,罚没款超千万元。

开启高质量发展新征程

当前,中国正在从知识产权引进大国向知识产权创造大国转变,知识产权工作正在从追求数量向提高质量转变。记者在发布会上了解到,知识产权各项工作的新进展为推动高质量发展写下生动注解。

“今年前三季度,我国知识产权使用费进出口额接近2800亿元,其中出口额增长迅速,增幅超过27%。我国在世界知识产权组织发布的2021年《全球创新指数报告》中的排名提升至第12位,再创新高。今年1月至10月,全国专利、商标质押融资登记金额达到2407.7亿元,同比增长50.6%,已经超过去年全年的总额。”中国国家知识产权局知识产权运用促进司司长雷筱云表示,这三组数据有力反映了一年来推动实现“两个转变”的进展。

聚焦高质量发展主题,知识产权保护工作持续强化深化细化。中国国家知识产权局知识产权保护司司长张志成介绍,围绕推动知识产权事业高质量发展,中国国家知识产权局主要采取了4个方面举措,包括深入实施专利质量提升工程、商标品牌战略和地理标志保护示范区建设,以及地理标志运用促进工程,加快构建知识产权高质量发展的指标体系、政策体系、统计体系和考核体系;推动将“每万人口高价值发明专利拥有量”列为国家“十四五”规划纲要指标等。

此外,全局全系统持续深化构建便民利民的知识产权公共服务体系,帮助产业经济的毛细血管和细胞稳定健康地运转,支撑经济社会高质量发展。中国国家知识产权局公共服务司司长王培章介绍,中国知识产权公共服务体系已初具规模。目前已经实现知识产权信息公共服务机构在省(区、市)及副省级城市、计划单列市全覆盖,地市级综合性知识产权公共服务机构覆盖率增长至33%;联合世界知识产权组织已布局建设101家技术与创新支持中心(TISC),实现省级行政区域全覆盖;备案首批国家知识产权信息公共服务网点88家,全国重要服务网点达到269家。

“中国国家知识产权局将继续把高质量作为新时代知识产权事业发展的主旋律、硬任务,积极发挥统筹协调作用,多层面同步发力,全链条协同推进,筑牢高质量发展的路径模式,努力开创知识产权强国建设新局面。”张志成表示。(李杨芳)

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